IT Training is specific to the Information Technology (IT) industry, or to the skills necessary for performing information technology jobs. IT training includes courses related to the application, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems.
The IT training market is segmented into six broad market segments. These segments reflect how IT training focus their suite of offerings and from which areas they derive most of their revenue.
- IT Infrastructure Training focuses on building, sustaining, and managing technical infrastructure.
- Programming and Database Training involves database construction and management, programming language, and similar areas.
- Enterprise Business Applications Training involves software applications that manage organizations' processes, such as ERP, CRM, call center management, automated billing systems, etc.
- Desktop Applications Training focuses on how to use programs and applications for desktop users.
- Certification Training includes certifications, compliance, exam preparation, or boot camp style training programs.
- Cyber Security Training involves courses and training programs centered on IT network and system security.
Based training is another method which uses technology to assist in trainee development. This is particularly common in the training of skills requiring a very high degree of practice, and in those which include a significant responsibility for life and property. An advantage is that simulation training allows the trainer to find, study, and remedy skill deficiencies in their trainees in a controlled, virtual environment. This also allows the trainees an opportunity to experience and study events that would otherwise be rare on the job.
Off-the-job training method takes place away from normal work situations — implying that the employee does not count as a directly productive worker while such training takes place.
Off-the-job training method also involves employee training at a site away from the actual work environment. It often utilizes lectures, case studies, role playing and simulation, having the advantage of allowing people to get away from work and concentrate more thoroughly on the training itself. This type of training has proven more effective in inculcating concepts and ideas . Many personnel selection companies offer a service which would help to improve employee competences and change the attitude towards job. The internal personnel training topics can vary from effective problem solving skills to leadership training.
A more recent development in job training is the On the Job Training Plan, or OJT Plan. According to the United States Department of the Interior, a proper OJT plan should include: An overview of the subjects to be covered, the number of hours the training is expected to take, an estimated completion date, and a method by which the training will be evaluated.